Written Conversation Strategies and MakerEd

Written Conversation Strategies and MakerEd

I’ve been working lately on finding more ways to collaborate with my teachers on lessons.  While starting up a conversation with our marine science teacher, I learned that she was working on a unit about coral reefs with her students.  Working together, we came up with a plan to focus on coral reef restoration.  Inspired by the amazing Buffy Hamilton, I decided to use Written Conversation Strategies with them.  Buffy has written about this extensively on her blog, and she’s an amazing resource, and I borrowed a lot from how she introduced this strategy to her students.

zoom writing

Busy at work annotating the text

To utilize this strategy in my lesson, I started by using Gale Science in Context, which my district has a subscription to, to find four articles related to coral reef restoration.  I aimed for all the articles to be roughly the same length (a page and a half) and I focused on articles that offered specific examples of artificial reefs in coral reef restoration.  I printed out copies of the articles and taped them to butcher paper.  I then put one of these sheets at each of the four tables, along with bins of markers (I chose not to go with sharpies, because I prefer something I can clean up if it gets on the tables.)

Using Haiku Deck, I created a brief presentation to introduce the students to the concept of what we would be doing and what was expected of them.  It took a few minutes and a little prompting to get them started, but they quickly started discussing and annotating the text with one another.  It became clear that this would not be a silent activity, as the students were actively moving around and discussing their articles with one another.  They were adding questions, comments, reactions and doodles to respond to what they were reading.  I gave them about five minutes per article and then directed them to rotate to the next table.

While there certainly were a few off-topic doodles and discussions (somehow Spongebob came up in every class) for the most part the students were on-topic and on-task.  If I found that they were starting to lose focus, I would rotate them early, but for the most part, they loved this active learning activity.  Students were standing, sitting on tables, walking around, and making use of the Hokki stools.  I have a very kinesthetic group of students at my school, and this activity was perfect for them.  They were much more engaged than if they had each had to read the articles silently.

Writing around the text

Writing around the text

After the students had annotated all four articles, they got back into their original groups to discuss and summarize what they learned.  We then talked as a class for a few minutes summarizing our articles and what we learned.  I had them use our whiteboard tables to write down their summaries.

Now that we had spent all this time reading and learning about coral reef restoration, we applied what we learned with a hands-on MakerEd activity.  I showed the students some creative commons images of artificial coral reefs.  I then challenged them to create their own model of an artificial coral reef using LEGOs and K’nex. It was a really fun activity.  As I walked around, I asked students to explain their rational for their creations, and most of them had good answers.  Examples including creating little caves for fish and other creatures, making natural looking shapes to help undersea life feel at home, etc.

building corals

Overall, I was really pleased with how this all came together.  The students had a lot of fun, were engaged in what they were learning about, and came away with a curiosity to learn more about coral reefs.  I will definitely be using ideas like this in future lessons.

Have you ever used written conversations strategies or MakerEd activities in your lessons?  What was your experience?

Diana Rendina, MLIS, is the media specialist at Tampa Preparatory School, an independent 6-12 in Tampa, FL. Previously, she was the media specialist at Stewart Middle Magnet School for seven years, where she founded their library makerspace. She is the creator of the blog RenovatedLearning.com. She was a monthly contributor to AASL Knowledge Quest from 2015-2018. Diana is the winner of the 2016 ISTE Outstanding Young Educator Award, the 2015 ISTE Librarians Network Secondary Award, the 2015 AASL Frances Henne Award & the 2015 SLJ Build Something Bold Award. She is an international speaker on the Maker Movement and has presented at conferences including AASL, FETC & ISTE. Diana co-authored Challenge-Based Learning in the School Library Makerspace with Colleen and Aaron Graves and is also the author Reimagining Library Spaces: Transform Your Space on Any Budget.


  1. […] Written Converstation Strategies & MakerEd […]

  2. […] also made a conscious effort to bring in the whiteboards to lessons.  I used Written Conversations a lot this year, and I would frequently have the students use the whiteboard tables to write out […]

  3. […] incorporating it into our lessons when it fits.  One of my favorite lessons this year combined written conversation strategies and building coral reef models out of LEGOs.  I plan on expanding this more next […]

  4. […] Diana Rendina, Stewart Middle Magnet School: Written Conversation Strategies and MakerEd […]

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